The terms and conditions of employment in Australia can be defined by an award, agreement or contract. These can be written from the National Employment Standards, which cover employment in the national workplace system, or using state or federal laws.
Minimum employment standards for an occupation are outlined in awards. These define a single set of minimum conditions for anyone employed in the same occupation across Australia. Most industries are moving to this national award system. The conditions of awards vary with state, employer and industry. Information that should be included in an award includes:
Enterprise agreements define conditions of employment for a group of employees at one or more places of work. In most cases they define conditions for workers of one organisation. They legally override an award, but must offer at least the pay outlined in an award covering the employment. They are governed by Federal workplace relations. These are the basic method for outlining wages and conditions in Australia. Agreements can cover a broader range of issues than awards which are designed to outline minimum conditions of employment.
A written employment contract, outlining wages and conditions, is used for employees not covered by an award or agreement. Employees should receive a written contract when starting work along with the Fair Work Information Statement. The basic information that an employment contract should include is:
The contract should also include:
Where applicable, other conditions such as job duties, allowances, bonuses, performance standards and so on should also be listed.
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